Data Summary

The alkenone derived sea surface temperature and UK'37 index for the sediment core, MD01-2412 collected in the southwestern Okhotsk Sea.

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    Summary

  • Sea-ice expansion in the Okhotsk Sea in winter is sensitively affected by global warming and cooling. Regionally, the southwestern Okhotsk Sea is closely linked to climate change in East Asia, including Japan, because the cold sea surface temperature (SST) in the southwestern Okhotsk Sea influences directly the development of the Okhotsk atmospheric high-pressure system, and the activated Okhotsk high causes cold climatic conditions in northern Japan. Therefore, environmental change in the Okhotsk Sea indicates two-way interactions as a sensitive mirror reflecting global climate change and as a driving force of regional climate change. To better understand how surface environmental changes in the Okhotsk Sea can influence climate change in East Asia, SSTs were estimated in the southwestern Okhotsk Sea for the past 120 ky with millennial to centennial time resolution using the long-chain unsaturated alkyl ketone (alkenone) thermometer. The alkenone temperature, which corresponds to the SST to 20m depth in autumn, showed repeated abrupt changes at a centennial timescale, especially during the last glacial period, 20?60 ky before present (BP). The alkenone temperature changed concurrently with changes from interstadials (warm events) to stadials (cold events) in the d18O record of the ice cores from Greenland, although some interstadials could not be identified in the alkenone temperature record. A wavelet power spectrum analysis showed that a periodicity of about 8 ky was prominent during 10?90 ky BP, and a 4- to 5- ky cycle was characteristic during 30?40 ky BP in the alkenone temperature records. These periodicities were both similar and dissimilar to those in the Polar Circulation Index, which is based on the atmospheric circulation intensity at high latitudes, as recorded by major-ion concentrations in GISP2. Both the similarity and dissimilarity imply that the SST in the southwestern Okhotsk Sea is controlled mainly by the atmosphere?ocean circulation system in the Northern Hemisphere; however, the relationship between the SST in the Okhotsk Sea and the climate in the Greenland is not linear. Anomalously high alkenone temperatures occurred repeatedly in the glacial period. These warm alkenone temperature episodes would have had multiple causes. In particular, high alkenone temperatures during the last glacial maximum (LGM) have been reported previously for locations near this study site. More investigations are necessary to understand what happened in the Okhotsk Sea and in adjacent seas at the time of the LGM.

    Dataset citation

  • Hironori YABUKI , Haruko Kawamoto , Naomi Harada, 2006, The alkenone derived sea surface temperature and UK'37 index for the sediment core, MD01-2412 collected in the southwestern Okhotsk Sea., 1.00, RIGC, JAMSTEC, https://ads.nipr.ac.jp/dataset/C20110207-001

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    Spatial coverage

  • N:  44.53°   S:  44.53°   E:  145.0°   W:  145.0°  

    Temporal coverage

  • 2001-01-01   -   2001-12-31

    License

  •  CC BY 4.0

DATA CONTORIBUTOR & GROUP

  • Hironori YABUKI
    (Research Institute for Global Change Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)
  • Haruko Kawamoto
    (Research Institute for Global Change Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)
  • Naomi Harada
    (Research Institute for Global Change Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

PARAMETERS

  • Sediments
  • Sediment Chemistry

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